Oral Hygiene and Periodontal Disease

Oral Hygiene
About Periodontal Disease and Soft Tissue Management

About Periodontal Disease
Periodontal disease, or gum disease is a chronic, progressive bacterial infection that destroys the tissues(bone and gum) around your teeth.

It is most often preceded by gingivitis, a bacterial infection of the gum tissue. Bacteria exist in a thin film called plaque which irritate and inflames the gums. Once this infection colonizes the gum pockets between the teeth, it becomes very difficult to remove.

Periodontal disease may present with few symptoms, however, if left untreated, may lead to shifting teeth, loose teeth and eventually tooth loss. Periodontal disease should always be treated promptly. Current studies show that the bacteria of Periodontal disease is linked to heart disease, diabetes and the general health of our body organs. Periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in the developed world.

Causes of Periodontal Disease
Preventative measures, in many cases can lower the risk and progression of periodontal disease.
Environment and genetic factors involved in the onset include:
1. Poor dental hygiene
2. Tobacco use
3. Genetic predisposition
4. Pregnancy and menopause
5. Chronic stress and poor diet
6. Diabetes and underlying health issues
7. Ginding teeth “Habits”
8. Medications

Symptoms of Periodontal Disease
• Bleeding when you brush
• Pus
• Swollen painful gums
• Recession or longer teeth
• Spaces between teeth
• Loose teeth that may shift in position
• Often no signs or symptoms

Diagnosis
• A full mouth periodontal pocket charting is obtained to measure the pockets around all the teeth.
• Radiographs (xrays) will also provide information about the amount of bone loss around your teeth.